The VOICE Refugee Forum (Community Network)

Unite Against Deportation and Social Exclusion

Nationwide Activists Meeting in Refugee Cities in Germany
Break Deportation Prepar-Tainment Refugees Platform

The VOICE Refugee Forum – A Network of Refugee Community Initiatives in Germany

Break the Deportation DNA Chain: "Refugee Black Box – The irrepressible voice and power of the afflicted" - Beyond the Court rooms!

Human rights abuses and persecutions in Pakistan Muhammad Ali Jawaid: The violent role of religion, nepotism and state corruption

The violent role of religion, nepotism and state corruption: Human rights abuses and persecutions in Pakistan

Greetings and Solidarity from Refugee Political Community Germany to Refugee Protest March in Bavaria

English/French/Deutsch:
Sei realistisch, versuch das Unmögliche! Be realist, look for the impossible! Soyez réaliste, chercher l'impossible! Power to the people - Solidarity meeting from Hamburg by Refugee-Migrants Political community

French/English/Deutsch:
"Nous venons chez vous" - La communauté des réfugiés a besoin de vous!
„Wir kommen zu euch“ - Die Flüchtlings-Community braucht euch!
"We are are coming to you" - The refugee community needs you!
Review on Break Deportation Culture – Deportation is criminal and we fight to stop it!

Hamburg: "We are coming to you" – The refugee community needs you!

The Political MOVEMENT - Appeal to Refugee Communities for Solidarity Network in Germany and Europe
Please join us for a life decided by our quest for a free society, equality and human dignity.

No Refugee is Criminal - Deportation is Collective Crime and Corruption

In Solidarity with North African Deportees and Victims of Deportation from Germany.

Appeal for Refugee Community Network from: Konradsreuth – Bayern

Moneer and Nadja's Struggles and Solidirity with the refugee community in Thuringia: - Statements by Moneer Alkadri und Nadia Ghnim from Syria: Demand for official transfer to Jena and payment of social allowance by State of Thuringia and Flüchtlinge aus dem Camp-Streik untersuchen die Zustände in Suhl

Zu Moneers und Nadias Kämpfen und zur Solidarität mit der Flüchtlingscommunity in Thüringen:
- Statements von Moneer Al Kadri und Nadia Ghnim aus Syrien: Forderung nach offizieller Umverteilung nach Jena und nach Zahlung von Sozialleistungen durch den Staat Thüringen und zur Flüchtlinge aus dem Camp-Streik untersuchen die Zustände in Suhl

Miloud Lahmar Cherif von Beleidigungsvorwurf gegen rassistisch kontrollierende Bundespolizisten freigesprochen

Meine Stellungnahme zu den Anschuldigungen der Bundespolizei
- Miloud Lahmar Cherif, The VOICE Refugee Forum

My statement on the federal police's charges against me on racist control
- Miloud Lahmar Cherif

Petition gegen den Abschiebeterror an der Familie Arsič - Breitenworbis Flüchtlingslager in Thueringen

Erfurt Declaration of Radmila Anić concerning her menace in Serbia
Erfurt: Erklärung von Radmila Anić zu ihrer Bedrohung in Serbien

The VOICE Refugee Forum Germany:
The Refugee: Base on Our History 1994 to 2014
Call for a Coordinated Regional Community Assembly
Reward 2015: The refugee political resources in Germany

O-platz Berlin Bus Tour 2015

English German French
Refugee Manifestation For Freedom and Liberty in Lutherstadt Wittenberg, 16.04.2015
Stop Abuse! Legalize the so Called “tolerated refugees in Germany! Stop Destroying Refugees' Perspectives! With Guests Speakers from Schwäebish Gmünd

Civil Disobedience - Protest Tour Against Residenzplcht
Grassroots movement and resistance of refugee activists from Schwaebisch Gmuend against residenzpflicht imprisonment

Residenzpflicht bedeutet weiterhin Apartheid”
Weiter Protest gegen Erzwingungshaft für Flüchtlingsaktiviste
Ziviler Ungehorsam gegen Strafverfolgung bzgl Residenzpflicht
27.02.2015: Staement
02.03.2015: The VOICE Refugee Forum zur Flüchtlingsdemonstration gegen Residenzpflicht in Schwäbisch Gmünd
07.03.2015: Erklärung
English:
“Residenzpflicht still means Apartheid” - “Lager still means elimination”
25.02.2015: Staement
02.03.2015: The VOICE Refugee Forum on The Refugee Demonstration against Residenzpflicht in Schwaebisch Gmünd - Campaign for Freedom and liberty
07.03.2015: Declaration by Schwäbisch Gmünd Refugee Activists

Videos:
-Keeping Resistance Against Oppression!
-1/3
-2/3
-3/3

Refugee Tour
Solidarity Call for Civil Disobedience from Refugee Initiative Schwäbisch Gmünd
Wuppertal 23.03., Hamburg und Erfurt 24.03., Kiel 25.03., Bremen 26.03., Berlin 27.03.15,. Konstanz 01.04., Schwäbisch Gmd 06.04.15, Lutherstadt Wittenberg 16.04.2015

Breaking the isolation culture – We are isolated from the refugee communities!

Keep On - Close down Breitenworbis refugee isolation camp in Thüringen


Here is the .Radio report and Interview of Mbolo Yufanyi on the 20yrs. The VOICE Refugee Forum

Deportation is the Last Ring of Slavery Chain - Break the Culture of Deportaion, Isolation, Elimination.
Refugee Political Worshops and Media: 20years of Refugee Resistance in Anniversary of 20years.The VOICE Refugee Forum in Germany

20yrs.The VOICE Refugee Forum:
Faltblatt - Flyers in English / Deutsch / French / Arabic
The Call for Donation:
Everyone 20€ --- Dein Geburtstagsgeschenk für 20 Jahre The VOICE Refugee Forum


Review and invitation: Preparatory meetings on of The VOICE Refugee 20yrs. Anniversary in Jena

Deutsch:
Rückblick und Einladung: Die Vorbereitungstreffen zum 20. Jahrestag von The VOICE Refugee Forum in Jena
20. Jubiläum von The VOICE Refugee Forum - 20 Jahre Widerstand von Flüchtlingen in Deutschland

Brutal Police Murder in Germany
Oury Jalloh -Das War Mord / He Was Murdered in Police Cell 5 Dessau:
Innenansichten vor BGH Urteil - Statement Moctar Bah

Revisionsentscheidung des BGH im Fall Oury Jalloh vom 17.08.2014:
Conakry (Guinea): Visum für Bruder des toten Oury Jallohs trotz Einladung durch den BGH verweigert
:

Text in Deutsch:
Pressemitteilung GBA zum Todesfall Oury Jalloh - Gegenvorstellung von Thomas Ndindah gegen den OStA beim BGH Dr. Matthias Krauß
Im Todesfall Oury Jalloh: Thomas Ndindah vs GBA am BGH - Bezug: Ihr Antwortschreiben vom 11. Februar 2014 – AZ 2 APR 308/13-5

Spread the Solidarity - United we speak out for freedom of movement
The VOICE Refugee Forum on Archives of our 10years Anniversary in October, 2004 in Berlin:
As we approach the 20th Anniversary of Refugee Resistance this year in October, we will be spreading the documented texts and impressions from our Archives on Residenzpflicht campaign and the struggles to speak out for freedom of movement

Deportation is Torture and Murder - Stop Police Brutality against Refugees and Activists: - PM The VOICE Refugee Forum - First anniversary of our protest inside and outside of the Nigerian Embassy in 2012

STOP COLONIAL INJUSTICE – STOP DESTROYING OUR COUNTRIES
STOP KILLING REFUGEES – ABOLISH FRONTEX:

FOR THE RIGHTS OF REFUGEES AND MIGRANTS IN GERMANY AND EUROPE

We stand together to reclaim the power of human dignity and solidarity against the state repression of refugees in Germany

Refugee Protest Actions - United Against Colonial Injustice

Mass murder in Lampedusa: Shame on EU! Refugee Protest in Rome, 10.October, 2013

The VOICE Refugee Forum - Guideline to Refugee Protest Strike in Eisenberg Reception Camp

Roma Initiative Thüringen: Report of Action Days July 25th – 27th in Jena and Eisenberg

Panel Roma ( Refugee Tribunal )

Streik der Flüchtlinge in der Thüringer Landesaufnahmestelle in Eisenberg für u.a. Flüchtlinge vom 30.07.2013.
VideoDoc: Erste Streik der Flüchtlinge in der LAST Eisenberg

25 - 27. 07 in Jena: ROMENGO DROM – The WAY OF ROMA PEOPLE
Demonstration in Jena - Stop the Deportation of Roma

Bad Mergentheim and Külsheim Refugees Protest in Stuttgart


Liberation Bus Tour in Bad Mergentheim - Refugee Strike in Stuttgart The VOICE Refugee Forum Network Video Channel

The Lager Watch Group on Eisenhüttenstadt - Stop Deportation Factory!

BREAK ISOLATION!
pdf: ABOLISH ALL LAGERS! - STOP DEPORTATION! Refugees of Eisenhüttenstadt!

LIBERATION BUS TOUR – FINALER AKTIONSTAG IN STUTTGART

08.6. Demo for Lampedusa in HH. District Office Hamburg-Mitte prevents the construction of tents with the help of police force

Bundesweite Kampagne und Netzwerk Bericht über Aktivitäten und Unterstützungsaufruf

Refugees gestoppt auf dem Weg zu Blockupy / Refugees stopped on their way to Blockupy.

Everywhere in these isolation-camps people lack their basic human rights - Break Isolation Strike Tour in Niedersachsen

"Lampedusa in Hamburg":
Bezirksamt Hamburg Mitte verhindert mit Polizeikräften Zeltaufbau für obdachlose Flüchtlinge

Video Refugee Testimony: More than 20 years in Isolation Camp Brandenburg - Germany

Miloud L. Cherif - Video Collection on Campaign for Civil disobedience against "Residenzpflicht" Refugee Movement Restriction
English: Take Urgent Action! FAX- Campaign against Residenzpflicht and political persecution of Miloud L. Cherif
Deutsch: Fax-Kampagne gegen Residenzpflicht und die politische Verfolgung von Miloud L. Cherif

Aktion am Hauptbahnhof Erfurt; 22.5. um 15 Uhr Residenzpflicht abschaffen – Rassistische Polizeikontrollen stoppen! Freiheit für Miloud L Cherif und alle anderen!

Video Collection of Refugee Testimony and Appeals from Liberation Bus

Break Isolation - Refugee Strike in Germany
26.April till 08.June 2013
New Videos and Reports on Refugee Refugee Liberation Bus Tour in Baden Württemberg and Schwaben Bayern 26th of April till 8th of June in Stuttgart.

Niedersachsen Refugee Liberation Bus Tour (16 – 22 of May 2013) Break Isolation Refugee Strike

Aufruf zur öffentlichen Prozessbeobachtung im Asylverfahren von Salomon Wantchoucou

2nd Declaration and Call for serious conversations "Lampedusa in Hamburg"
„Lampedusa in Berlin, Hamburg and Bielefeld”

The Criminality of the European Authorities - Interview with Affo Tchassei
„Wir sind hier und gehen nicht zurück“
Protest im UNCHR Berlin
„We are here and we don’t go back!” - “Nous somme ici et nous ne retournerons pas!”

Break Isolation Strike in Refugee Lagers - camps

PRENZLAU: Protest against racist attacks of Refugees

Refugee Liberation Bus Tour in Baden Württemberg and Schwaben Bayern
Schließt euch uns an und unterstützt die Refugee Liberation Bus Tour in Baden-Württemberg und Bayern!

Join us to support the Refugee Liberation Bus Tour in Baden-Württemberg and Bayern

Update News:
Polizei schikaniert die Refugees Liberation Bus Tour: Offene Protestnote an die Grün-Rote Landesregierung von Baden-Württemberg

Demonstration - Samstag, 18. Mai 2013, 16 Uhr, Willy Brandt-Platz:
für ein Ende rassistischer Polizeigewalt und gegen institutionellen Rassismus
In Erinnerung an Christy Schwundeck – Getötet durch die Polizei in Frankfurt/Main

OUR RIGHTS TO EXIST AS FREE PEOPLE HAVE BEEN CRIMINALIZED BEFORE OUR NAMES ARE KNOWN: WE WILL FIGHT BACK UNTIL WHEN WE TAKE BACK THE POWER OF SOLIDARITY TO BREAK OPEN THE PRISON GATES FOR THE VICTIMS OF RACIST PERSECUTION IN GERMANY.

Action in Thüringen

On the Move! “Break Isolation Strike”
Refugee liberation strike action in Heidenheim Baden Württemberg 29th April 2013
Refugee Demonstration and liberation Bus Tour 2013 Refugees Liberation Bus Tour Video reports by Crosspoint

"Enough is enough" - refugees in Wolfsburg raise their voice
Bericht vom Demonstration am 27.04.2013 in Wolfsburg Break Isolation Solidarity Act - “Genug ist genug”

Polizei kriminalisiert Treffen in Thüringer Flüchtlingsheimen und belagert das Grünowski

BREAK ISOLATION and Solidarity Act in Thueringen: Jena, Greiz, Gerstungen, Waltershausen und Erfurt

Unterstützt die Faxkampagne - Offener Brief der Frauen aus dem Isolationslager Breitenworbis

Thousands of balloons - World Wide Roma Day

Am 8. April war der internationale Tag der Roma, um für die Rechte der Roma zu kämpfen und auf die Situation der Roma aufmerksam zu machen! - Gegen die Ausgrenzung und Isolation von Flüchtlingen in Lagern - Solidarität mit der "Break Isolation" Bewegung!

Pressemitteilung von Miloud Lahmar Cherif zur Situation seiner Familie in Deutschland

Break Isolation Conference and Solidarity Act 2013
*April 2013 in 7 Regionen Deutschlands – Göttingen 08-09.04., Essen - NRW 09.04., Berlin and Prenzlau 08-13.04., Frankfurt 10-11.04. (Kundgebung im Containerlager Oberursel 11.04.), Hamburg 13.04., Bielefeld 16.04., Trier 20.40 Jena / Thueringen , 22-26.04.

English:
We are at a crucial turning point to make refugee isolation lager HISTORY in Germany.

Break Isolation Conference and Solidarity Act 2013 - Input by The VOICE Refugee Forum

Deutsch:
Break Isolation Conference und Solidarity Act 2013 - Input von The VOICE Refugee Forum

Thousands of balloons - 8. April 2013 for World Wide Roma Movement
Gegen die Ausgrenzung und Isolation von Flüchtlingen in Lagern - Solidarität mit der "Break Isolation" Bewegung!

Refugee Workshop in Berlin Protestcamp

Choucha Camp Refugee Protest in Tunisia - Sit-in migrants de Choucha Tunis - Break the isolation! Solidarity with Fighting Refugees Camp in Choucha / Tunisia

Interviews in English and French:

Break Isolation of Refugees - Karawane Festival Speech by Osaren in Jena: Chant down the babylon Germany

We are protesting to close down all Refugee Isolation Lagers in Thueringen:
Refugee lager Camp Protest
Join the ongoing Campaign to Close down:
Isolationslager Breitenworbis
Greiz
Gerstungen isolation
Successfully Closed down refugee lagers in recent years
2012 Isolationslager Zella Mehlis
2011 Ghetto Sömmerda/Gangloffsömmern
2010 Isolationslager Katzhütte!
2009 Isolationslager Gehlberg
2009 Ghetto: Flüchtlingsunterkunft in Apolda - Stobraer straße in Thüringen
2007 Flüchtlingsheims Freienbessingen

Sachsen-Anhalt
Campaign to Close down:
Isolationslager Bitterfeld
Flüchtlingsisolationsheim Marke
Vockerode
Successfully Closed down refugee lager in Sachsen-Anhalt
2012 Isolationslager Möhlau

2011 Ein Überblick: Isolation der Flüchtlingslager in der Nachbarschaft zu brechen - Die Agenda von The VOICE Refugee Forum
An Overview of „The VOICE“ Agenda – Break the Refugee Isolation Camps in the Neighbourhoods
2003 Stop all deportations! Close all detention and deportation centers for refugees and migrants!

Asylbewerber Asylbewerber
Abschiebung Abschiebung
Residenzpflicht Residenzpflicht
Frontex Frontex
Refugee Embassy Refugee Embassy
Colonial Injustice Colonial Injustice
Police Brutality Police Brutality
Isolationslager Isolationslager
BAMF - Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge BAMF - Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge

* * * * * * * *

Dossier zu den Morden an Sakine, Fidan und Leyla Morde an den kurdischen Frauenrechtsaktivistinnen Sakine Cansız, Fidan Doğan und Leyla Şaylemez, die sich am 9. Januar 2013 im Zentrum von Paris ereigneten

Video: Dessau 7.01.2013 - Oury Jalloh Demonstration

Verbrannt in Polizeizelle Nummer fünf Busse nach Dessau (7.1.) zur Erinnerungsdemo für Oury Jalloh

: Abschiebung und Pressekonferenz - Refugee Camp Vienna
Refugee Protest Camps:
Vienna Austria
Berlin Germany

Break Isolation Berlin – Statement of the Refugee Protest Camp at Oranienplatz Berlin
Enough is enough. It's time for resistance!

New Videos Refugee Protest camps: Solidarity from Vienna and Berlin
Endorse the International Statement of Solidaritya from Refugee Protest in Vienn
Wien Press: Votiv-Lager war angemeldet - War Räumung des Protest-Camps illegal? Flüchtlingscamp vor der Votivkirche

Video: Police Vandalism in Wien - Refugee Protest Camp evicted! Polizeiliche Räumung des Refugee Protest Camp in Wien
Video:Refugees on Hunger Strike / Refugees im Hungerstreik

Reboot FM about the : Refugee Tribunal in Berlin (June 13-16.2013)

PM The VOICE Refugee Forum on Oury Jalloh: Magdeburger Strafgerichtskammer verhindert Aufklärung - (k)ein Ende einer Farce

Austine and the Residenzpflicht

"October 12. 2012. On the way from Schwäbisch Gmund (Baden Württenberg) to Berlin, to take part to the Refugee Protest March Demonstration of October 13, Austine, Charles, Chima, Egbo, Henry and Obinna are target of a police racial profiling control in Hof's Station.

Rex Osa’s Testimony by Affidavit for The INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS TRIBUNAL IN MANILA Quezon City, Philippines
The VOICE- Protocol 11.11.12 in Berlin: O&A with Alassane Dicko and Rex Osa on Beyond the borders Conference in Berlin

CARAVAN for the Rights of Refugees and Migrants
Strengthening the unity of refugee struggles against colonial injustice in Germany

Stärkt die Einheit der Flüchtlingskämpfe gegen koloniales Unrecht in Deutschland - Abschlusserklärung des Break Isolation Camp

3Sat mediathek Report: Für mehr Menschenwürde
Flüchtlingsproteste in Deutschland: Die Proteste von Asylbewerbern in Deutschland nehmen zu, insbesondere seit sich ein Asylbewerber in Würzburg Anfang 2012 das Leben genommen hat und zwei iranische Flüchtlinge sich die Münder zugenäht hatten und in Hungerstreik getreten waren. Inzwischen hat sich in acht deutschen Städten eine Protestbewegung von Flüchtlingen...?
Break Isolation Protestmarsch und Protest der Flüchtlinge für die unverzügliche Schließung des Isolationslagers in Breitenworbis, Mühlhauser Straße 35 am 29.08.2012 auf 3Sat mediathek

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Development means: getting better. Perspective of a Cameroon self-organization an interview with Mbolo Yufanyi Movuh

Development means: getting better. Perspective of a Cameroon self-organization an interview with Mbolo Yufanyi Movuh by Timo Kiesel

Timo Kiesel: You are CEO of PEACE (Peer Exchange of African Communities for Empowerment). What does PEACE do?

Mbolo Yufanyi Movuh: Actually PEACE is a young organization and it's been almost two years now since it was formed. If I had to describe PEACE in one sentence, I would say: PEACE is an empowerment tool for Africans. And this empowerment tool has to do with the principle of giving and taking within African communities. The vision is if not to make Africa a superpower, but I'd say stronger than all the other continents. It is to create equity - a balance of power. One of our main mottos is finding African solutions to problems arising in Africa. So it's not like getting solutions from outside but trying to analyze things from within. Our main base line is critical thinking, and one of the main issues that we critically analyze is the power dynamics between the South and the West. We want to create a network that could lead to influence a lot of civil and political issues in Cameroon and also in all of Africa.

At the moment we are still in a phase where we are identifying the institutions, organizations, civil networks, traditional counsels and individuals also, that are ready to work with us and that have the same objective as we do; then getting in contact and networking with them. Once this base of working relationships is created, the second phase would then be to actually establish the first scientific journal of Cameroon. This is a long-term-project. And finally we aim to create a PEACE Institute for critical African studies. After eighteen years in Europe I've realized that a lot of Black people would like to claim their Africaness but don't know anything about Africa. And there are a lot of German – “white” – programs which encourage students to go to Africa and learn about the culture there, while at the same time Black students have difficulties getting into these programs. This is where PEACE gets involved; what we intend to do is to create a situation where African students leave Europe or America and come to Africa, perhaps to Cameroon first. This program should be called GiBaCO, through the learning programs they give back to the community and also learn from the community. So it’s a winwin-thing. A strong connection between Africans in the continent and Africans in the Diaspora will open a lot of academic possibilities and a lot of political, economic and social awareness. What Africans can gain from Africans in the Diasporas, basically, is a lot of knowledge about white people, about Europeans. We tend to appropriate Western factors of living because we have a feeling that this is the better way of life, only because of a lot of propaganda and lies-selling. These aspects of life can be explained better by Diasporans Talking about reparations, for example, are also mostly Diasporans. But African countries should be calling for reparations too; they should be playing a pivotal role in demanding reparations. It’s a mutual relation between Diasporans and the Continent. You could say: Africa has to deal with some sickness, and PEACE sees Africans in the Diaspora as a vaccine.

Timo Kiesel: Which role plays decolonization in this?

Mbolo Yufanyi Movuh: I think decolonization is a process that has to entail different steps, and I would say PEACE can help in making decolonization possible through deconstructing colonization and emancipating the former colonies. I wouldn't say PEACE is a decolonized organization, I would say: PEACE is in the process of facilitating decolonization. PEACE wants to consider pre-colonial times also - meaning the time before the white man came to our continent. One of the problems that we have is that our history was destroyed. Destroyed by us and destroyed by those who colonized and enslaved us. And part of the objectives of PEACE is to regain our history. Although we point fingers to the colonial masters and enslavers, I think we ourselves have also a very important role to play in our emancipation and empowerment. Of course we are not the forefront organization in doing this; we're first of all young. We have a lot to learn from stronger organizations that have been in this field for a long time.

What we are doing now is organizing workshops on empowerment, on critical thinking of African history and geography. Someone said: Geography has divided us, but history will unite us. We say: Critical geography and critical history will reunite us, so it's not just taking everything that was written before, during or after colonial times - by the colonial masters and not the colonies themselves - but instead trying to take this history with a pinch of salt. One example concerns the so-called slave trade shrine in Victoria, Limbe, where PEACE has its office. We've organized tours with Africans from America - I always say Africans from America, because I think all Black people that have African heritage are Africans, so for me there are no African-Americans or African-Germans or whatever, there are just Africans. Those Africans from America who have traced their DNA back to Cameroon are trying to trace the so-called slave roots. We say so-called slave roots because we think that this people were enslaved by the Europeans and they fought against their enslavement, but they were not slaves. So we try to make the words as resistant as possible. This is one of the things that have connected us a lot. While Africans from America see the route of enslavement, we see how this route impacts our present situation. So when these people come, they take with them the message of PEACE and this is how we spread, how we network.

You cannot talk about African history without talking about enslavement and colonization. But we see this in force terms. We see the slave times where Africans were not seen as human beings but as commodities for European and Arab markets. Enslavement is one issue that has impacted our present situation and that is going to impact our future, if we don't take hold of it. We see mental slavery as a sub-level of slavery itself that has stayed until now and that has contributed to our underdevelopment. How do we want to talk about this? One of our objectives of what we've been doing is to talk about religion. Foreign religion has been one of the things that have destroyed Africa. If you look at colonization, you will see that religion came before the real proper colonization. It came as evangelization, missionaries - I'll call it crusade. These were the people that started colonization. So there's a link between religion and colonization and there's also a link between then and now, because you have evangelists and missionaries that are still there today and that are still going to come in the future. One of our aspects is to try to come back to our African religions. This is difficult because part of the process of evangelization was the destruction of our religion. If people say they can choose their denomination, their vocation freely, it is not true. They were whipped and killed to accept a foreign religion. And after one or two centuries of whipping and kicking and killing, you become used to that religion. You see it as your only tool. This is what we try to make people understand, that it didn’t happen out of free will – it's a colonial heritage, it is a slave heritage, it is mental slavery. So this is part of what we're saying: that part of decolonizing is cutting the vein. The white man would say: But if you cut the vein, Africa is going to suffer. Instead, we have to be sure that we can create our own entity. There are different aspects of this: One of them is to identify ourselves. For us, selfidentification, self-pride, but also self-consciousness are the aspects that we should use to empower and inform the people. Decolonizing and deenslaving the mind is one important issue to fight this battle. One of the elders said: The most important weapon of the oppressor is the mind of the oppressed. Africa is not poor. But we have a poor mentality and a poor way of thinking about ourselves, which is only a reflection from somewhere else. The task of PEACE is to try to facilitate a process, where we see ourselves from our own mirrors, playing a very big role in the development of the world.

Timo Kiesel: What is your interpretation of the notion of development?

Mbolo Yufanyi Movuh: Development is a positive influence in your own engagements. There are negative developments now, too, but development per se, without any strains, should be seen as something positive. If you want to talk about Africa concerning development, we see that Africa has the best statistical development figures within the world. But it comes with a price. And this price has been the heads of a lot of our elders. Western countries have preached development and especially democracy for a long time. But one of the first so-called democratically elected leaders of Africa, Patrice Lumumba from Congo, was assassinated by the West. Development has to do with sovereignty and independence. And when you kill people that preach development it means: You are not in favor of development. If we think about the colonial times and now we have a certain level of political liberty which we can also call development. But again: This has come with a price and the price was the assassination of our leaders that preached and fought for this development. Development should be an equity process that everyone is entitled to have. Development should be progressive and positive, and development should always leave a significant mark. Development means for me: Getting better.

The definition I gave before is also an African perspective on development. We see our present situation as a developmental aspect per se, but we actually see the development itself as not being development because we are still entangled with neo-colonialism. If you think of development as colonial process – we made a mistake. We were preparing for political independence without realizing that it is combined with economic and social independence. We neither have economic nor social independence. We have a little bit of political independence, so we call ourselves sovereign states. What I as a pan-Africanist want -is a reunited States of Africa, or a United African States: Something that links all African territories so Africans identify and recognize themselves as a people and are ruled or rule themselves as a people. The European development definition means that someone stands on top and there's someone below. But this is not how I see development. For me, it means getting to a better situation. And this is what I've been doing for the last eighteen years: Trying to combat racism, trying to combat police brutality, making the society better, making the society not to be a police state, not to be a fascist state. You see, this society was a racist and fascist society before and there are still racist and fascist sectors of the society. I'm trying to eliminate them. This is development for me, but is it seen by people from this country as development? No.

Timo Kiesel: What does your practical work look like?

Mbolo Yufanyi Movuh: I talked about Bimbia, the enslavement shrine. Bimbia has been an outlet of enslaved or kidnapped Africans from the African continent to Europe or to the Americas. I was doing research on the community forest there which reminisces about a lot of instruments used to enslave Africans, like rusting shackles and dilapidated slave buildings, coves or a lot of other things. And the tourist guides there were explaining to the tourists how the historical impact of the Bimbia people had to do with enslavement of Africans, and when you saw shackles, the guides would tell the tourists: this is where slaves were handcuffed or tied, when they were stubborn. I see two problems in this statement: “Slaves” and “stubborn”. I think, those people were not slaves, they were captured Africans, and they fought till the very end, but the message of the statement is rather that our ancestors were slaves and not enslaved or kidnapped Africans. And the second problem that I found was «stubborn», which describes someone who doesn't respect rules, who doesn't play with the norm, who doesn’t want to be part of a good society, who is always looking for negative things and who doesn't follow orders. We're everything but that, we're fighting people and we are still fighting today. Some died fighting, even in the ships. Will you call them stubborn? Will PEACE call them stubborn? No. These were resistant ancestors. So this is part of our practical work that we tend to do, with school children for example. We need a way of teaching our children to understand what enslavement really meant for us. When I was a kid - and this is a very pivotal issue - all the geography books and history books that I was taught were disempowering and not empowering me. But we want to create a children's book or whatever handout that could be given to secondary, primary or nursery schools, to show another image of a Black man. Not in shackles, but in a liberated form. This affects the mentality of our children. In our geography books we read about the different territorial administration of the enslaved, but PEACE is talking about people that had to break territories, running away from slavery and fighting white people. We saw pictures of Black people in chains, but we want to show pictures of Black people breaking the chains. This is what PEACE is trying to do. In a nutshell, we don't need to be academic to really create or facilitate decolonization. What we're seeing now within the academic society is a topdown confrontation of the problem. PEACE wants to come with the bottom-up way of confronting the problem – meeting the civil society but also the academicians from below. I don't need a PhD to understand that I was brainwashed when I was small, to see that I don't have to be resistant, when I'm enslaved. PEACE tries to give the consciousness to people that they themselves can solve their problems. It's not about being a high person in the society or having connections to a particular person, it's about understanding that you should do everything possible to fight for your own existence. And this is one of the ways we're trying to bring up the self-consciousness and selfemancipation of the people.

Mbolo Yufanyi Movuh is director of PEACE (Peer Exchange of African Communities for Empo werment, http://peace - int.org/en ) which was founded 2014 in Cameroon. He has rejected his Christian name Cornelius because of a colonial and somehow religious undertone. He is an activist against police brutality, ra cial profiling and deportation and is working with THE VOICE for the past 18 years.

Englisches Originalinterview, Übersetzung in: Berliner Entwicklungspolitischer Ratschlag (Hrsg.): Bon Voyage! Rassismuskritische Wege in der entwicklungspolitischen Bildungs- und Projektarbeit, Berlin 2016, S. 76-79.

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