Government of Germany must stop all kind of support to the government of Khartoum
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Demonstration on Saturday 04.06.2016 in the city of Hanover
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Osaren, The VOICE Refugee Forum Jena, Germany.
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Consequences of German and EU-Sudan deal for African deportation in Africa
Sudan deports hundreds of Eritreans refugees: HRW
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle
May 31, 2016 (ADDIS ABABA) – The Sudanese government last month has deported hundreds of Eritreans to their home country where they could suffer severe violations by an extremely repressive regime, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said.
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Eritrean migrants wait aboard a navy ship in the Sicilian harbour of Augusta, March 4, 2015 (Photo Reuters/Antonio Parrinello)
In a new report issued Monday, the rights watchdog said Sudan has deported at least 442 Eritreans, including six registered refugees, to Eritrea in May 2016.
Sudanese authorities have started this month arresting Eritrean refugees residing in the capital, Khartoum, and intercepting hundreds who were travelling towards Libya in a bid to cross to Europe.
According to the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, the Sudanese authorities arrested 377 people on May 6 in the Sudanese border town of Dongola as they tried to cross to Libya.
Among them were the 313 Eritreans, including six who had already registered as refugees in Sudan and were all tried and convicted of “illegal entry” into Sudan.
The Sudanese authorities deported all of them including 4 Eritreans children who were part of this group.
The latest crackdown against Eritrean migrants comes as EU reportedly reached a deal with Khartoum to stem migration towards Europe.
A leaked document obtained by European Medias indicate that Sudan - which has increasingly become a key transit country for migrants from East Africa seeking to illegally travel to Europe via Libya - will be provided with financial aid to tighten its border control and intercept refugees bound to Europe.
Along with Sudan, 7 other African countries will be aided with a total of £40 million over three years to do so.
Following the recent secret deal, Sudan has reportedly rounded up some 900 Eritreans in Khartoum last week.
Those deported were arrested while they were en route to Libya.
Every month, hundreds of young Eritreans flee their country to evade military conscription which is mandatory to all citizens aged 18-50.
Per the authorized law, the national or military service lasts for only 18 months however President Issaias-led repressive regime forces citizens to serve indefinitely leaving them with no option but to escape their home country.
Citizens leaving the country without government’s knowledge are perceived to be a deserter.
Escaping military conscription or leaving Eritrea without permission from the government is a criminal offense considered by the regime as treason which is punishable up to death sentence.
Human Rights Watch has expressed grave concern over the deportation of the Eritrean refugees as they face a serious risk of prosecutions and end up locked up behind bars in life-threatening condition.
“Sudan is arresting and forcing Eritreans back into the hands of a repressive government without allowing refugees to seek protection,” said Gerry Simpson, senior refugee researcher and advocate at Human Rights Watch.
“Sudan should be working with the UN refugee agency to protect these people, not send them back to face abuse.”
Eritreans and Ethiopians are denied of chance to claim asylum.
International law forbids countries from deporting asylum seekers without first allowing them to apply for asylum and considering their cases.
“This right applies regardless of how asylum seekers enter a country or how long they have been in a country before claiming asylum,” HRW added.
International law also prohibits the deportation, return, or forced expulsion of anyone to a place where they face a real risk to their life, or of torture or ill-treatment.
Sudanese authorities have allegedly denied access for UNHCR representatives to allow them access to visit the refugees group.
Sudanese authorities are entitled to arrest and question Eritreans and other foreign nationals not registered as asylum seekers or who do not have other legal status in Sudan, Human Rights Watch said.
However, it added Sudan is obliged to allow Eritreans and others to lodge asylum claims in Sudan at any time, even if they have already been in the country for some time, and to fairly review those claims.
As Eritrea is a closed nation, it is impossible for international agencies to monitor the situation and treatment of Eritreans back home after deportation.
Thousands of Eritreans use smugglers every year to travel from Eritrea through Ethiopia and Sudan to Libya and Egypt, from where many then try to reach the European Union by boat.
Human Rights Watch has documented that thousands were kidnapped and tortured for ransom in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula between 2010 and 2013, in some cases with the collusion of Sudanese and Egyptian security officials.
“If Sudan wants to market itself as a refugee-rights-respecting nation, it’s going about it the wrong way,” Simpson said. “Eritreans, Ethiopians and others who want protection must be allowed full access to fair asylum procedures.”
In addition, the report says that Sudan has also arrested 64 Ethiopians who risk deportation.
Human Rights watch said Ethiopia’s restrictions on political rights have spurred citizens to leave and a crackdown that began November in its Oromia region may have led to “thousands” fleeing to neighbouring countries.
Ethiopian security forces have killed Dozens of ethnic Oromos mainly university students after they staged weeks-long demonstration in protest to government’s plan to expand the capital’s territory to parts of the Oromia region.
Following the violent and deadly clashes, many Ethiopians are believed to have fled to neighbouring countries, including Sudan.
Read more on EU Animal Farm Democrazy for Pro-Colonial Injustice and Corruption https://thevoiceforum.org/node/4173
Questionable Deal: EU to Work with African Despot to Keep Refugees Out
Why the EU migration deal with Sudan is so dodgy
Sudan IDP South Darfur
By Nanjala Nyabola and Obi Anyadike
KHARTOUM, 26 May 2016
Sudan is a lynchpin in the flow of migrants out of Africa. It is also a serial human rights abuser. For a European Union keen to throttle that flow, it’s an unfortunate combination.
Sudan is already benefitting from a $45 million regional programme to “better manage migration” in the Horn of Africa, under the European Commission’s $2 billion Emergency Trust Fund for Africa.
The EC has also announced a $112 million aid package “to address root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement” in Darfur, east Sudan, South Kordofan and Blue Nile. The problem is that the Sudanese military is involved in much of the instability in those regions.
“Sudan is not only important as a major transit route north to Europe, it is also a producer of migrants,” said Magnus Taylor, Horn of Africa analyst with the International Crisis Group.
“But if your job is to stop people arriving in Europe and to come up with a deal to reduce those numbers, then your interest in the internal politics of Sudan may be secondary.”
A string of media reports has condemned the EU’s agreement with a government that for 26 years has been headed by President Omar al-Bashir, a man charged with genocide and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court. The conflict in Darfur alone has uprooted 2.6 million people, despite a UN arms embargo.
The case for the defense
The EU has tried to push back, pointing out that funding will not be channelled through the government, and project partners will be large European international NGOs. It will also pursue a “rights-based approach”, according to an EU spokesperson.
EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development Neven Mimica said he had received “a firm commitment” from the Sudanese authorities “to remove all obstacles and facilitate access, visas and travel permits to areas where EU projects will be implemented”.
Sudan is “a very difficult environment to work in”, said Taylor. It “requires the cooperation of the government and they can be incredibly obstructive”.
Khartoum has a history of falling out with – and expelling – its aid partners. The latest victim is Ivo Freijsen, head of office for the UN’s emergency aid coordination body, OCHA.
He was recently informed that his annual stay permit – due to expire next month – will not be renewed. OCHA described the move as a “de facto expulsion” and pointed out he is the fourth senior UN official to be expelled from Sudan in the last two years.
“This comes in addition to the forced closure of international NGO Tearfund in December 2015 and the de facto expulsion of three international NGO country representatives in recent months,” a statement said.
Khartoum appears to have been particularly annoyed by the figures OCHA published for the number of people displaced by fighting in Darfur involving the army and rebels in the Jebel Marra area. It also didn’t like OCHA citing a report by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network warning that four million people will be at crisis levels of food insecurity or worse this year as a result of conflict and a disastrous harvest.
The concern among government critics is that the EU deal risks further emboldening the authorities. True to form, the government has shown no hesitation in cracking down on a rash of student-led protests across Sudan since April.
In one example this month, 10 students from the University of Khartoum were arrested by security forces at the offices of a leading Sudanese human rights lawyer.
They were brutally beaten by the National Intelligence and Security Service, according to a press statement issued by their families. The students had been preparing a case against the sale of university buildings – a hot-button issue as the government roles out a controversial privatisation programme.
Front view of the University of Khartoum. For generic use
University of Khartoum
“They [NISS] threw a sound bomb inside the office – a small apartment actually in a residential building – and beat up everyone,” said Wafaa Salah, the sister of Badreldin Salah, who was detained. “They took everyone, even the two young lawyers and secretaries who were working there”.
Two of the students have since been released, but photographs shared by their families on social media show welts on their backs that appear to be the result of caning.
That has confirmed some of Wafaa’s worst fears for her sister, especially as the NISS has refused to provide any information on her whereabouts.
“We’re especially worried about Wifag and Mai,” said Wafaa, referring to the two female students in the group who are still in detention.
“The released students told us that Mai had been taken into an office and the door was locked, so they couldn’t hear what was happening inside. The NISS has a reputation of using sexual assault against female detainees and that makes us really worried.”
A history of authoritarianism
A March 2016 Human Rights Watch detailed how security agents in Sudan use sexual and physical violence against women political activists, including rape, public humiliation and public flogging.
Sudan’s universities have historically been at the centre of virtually every major political episode since independence. The government has tried to keep a tight lid on protest, but in the last few months dissent has spread.
On 21 April, in central North Kordofan, security forces opened fire on students marching in support of their preferred candidate for the student body, killing 18-year-old Abubakar Hassan and triggering a wave of protests.
In Omdurman, one student was killed and three others injured at Ahlia University when a student group aligned to the ruling party shot up an event hosted by the Nuba Mountains University Students’ Association. The Nuba Mountains are a rebel stronghold in South Kordofan.
This fed into protests at Bahri University in north Khartoum on 28 April in which at least six students were arrested. Demonstrations on the same day also occurred at the University of the Red Sea in Port Sudan.
The unrest is uncoordinated, “but the basic demand is the same,” said activist and blogger Yosra Akasha.
“University [should be]… a safe space. The students want their freedom of opinion, and for political and social debate [to be] protected”.
Photo: El Sereif Camp for Internally Displaced Persons, South Darfur
JOIN THE SOLIDARITY CAMPAIGN! FREEDOM FOR THE ACCUSED IN THE RÖSZKE/HORGOŠ TRIAL
There are 11 people on trial , accused by the Hungarian government for participation in “mass-riot”. They were brutally beaten up and arrested in a riot police attack last year on 16th of September, at the serbian-hungarian border Röszke/Horgoš 2 (after the fence was completed and the border was closed down), when about 5000 people were protesting and demanding their right to free movement.
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